Healthcare and The public

Healthcare

Handling medical personal data

What can and can’t healthcare providers and employers do with my medical data?

Do’s

  1. To receive healthcare, patients need to identify themselves to their healthcare provider. Healthcare providers keep records of the necessary personal data, but are not allowed to copy or scan any ID documents.
  2. All healthcare providers are subject to an obligation or medical duty of confidentiality. Save in exceptional cases, healthcare providers may not disclose any medical data to third parties.
  3. A healthcare provider is allowed to disclose some medical data to the patient’s health insurer for invoicing purposes.
  4. In case of sickness absence, the employer may only request the information necessary to carry out the sick employee’s tasks in his/her absence.

Don’ts

  1. In principle, healthcare providers are not allowed to disclose any of their patients’ medical data to their employers without the patient’s consent, unless required by law.
  2. Employers are not allowed to inquire about the health and medical history of a job applicant, or whether the applicant is pregnant.
  3. Employers may have a job applicant submit to a medical exam only if that is necessary for the job in question. The examining physician must report whether the applicant is medically suitable for the job, without providing any other details.
  4. In case of sickness absence, the employer is not allowed to inquire into the nature or cause of the employee’s specific illness.

The public

Handling medical personal data

What can and can’t healthcare providers and employers do with my medical data?

Do’s

  1. To receive healthcare, you need to identify yourself to your healthcare provider. Your general practitioner, dentist, specialist in the hospital or pharmacy clerk will record the necessary personal data, but may not make a copy or scan of your identity document.
  2. All healthcare providers are subject to an obligation or medical duty of confidentiality. Save in exceptional cases, healthcare providers may not disclose any medical data to third parties.
  3. Your healthcare provider is allowed to disclose some medical data to your health insurer for invoicing purposes.
  4. If you report sick, your employer is only allowed to ask for information necessary to carry out your tasks in your absence.

Don’ts

  1. In principle, your healthcare provider is not allowed to disclose any of your medical data to your employer without your consent, unless required by law.
  2. If you apply for a job, the employer is not allowed to inquire about your health, medical history or whether or not you are pregnant.
  3. Employers may have you submit to a medical exam only if doing so is indispensable for the specific job. The examining physician must inform the employer whether you are medically suitable for the job, without providing any other details.
  4. If you report sick, your employer is not allowed to inquire into the nature or cause of your specific illness.